The North-South Institute

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Annual Report 2012

The North-South Institute’s Annual Report for the year 2012. Download PDF

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Oportunidades de los Acuerdos de Libre Comercio de Canadá con Colombia y Perú y sus dimensiones

(Only available in Spanish) This paper shows the existing trends in exports from Colombia and Peru to Canada from immediately before the signing of these FTAs to the latest available date possible. It  briefly investigates the domestic structure of key exporting industries in the two countries, focusing on the most gender-relevant variables. Finally, it looks…

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Gender Compliance Pub Cover

Gender Equality Rights and Trade Regimes: Coordinating Compliance

This volume of papers emerges from an international symposium on Gender Equality Rights and Trade Regimes, held through cooperation between the APDR project and The North-South Institute.  The symposium examined issues of coordinated compliance in trade and human rights performance, and drew upon normative and structural paradigms of “Selective Adaptation” and “Institutional Capacity.’” The papers…

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Organising for Change: Female Staff Associations and the Security Sector

In partnership with the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), NSI hosted a workshop and policy conference, the first such events to bring together female security sector staff association members from different regions, along with policy makers and researchers. This report highlights the outcomes of the workshop and policy dialogue, both…

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FPIC pub

Extractives, Ethnic Peoples and Free, Prior and Informed Consent in Colombia

This brochure is on extractives, ethnic peoples and free, prior and informed consent in Colombia. Author: Viviane Weitzner Download PDF in Spanish

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South-South Policy Space Dimensions

Do South-South development impacts actually qualitatively differ from North-South impacts? If so, to what extent and in what manner? This NSI report argues that African countries would do well to not only consider threats from China’s current (static) comparative advantage, but to identify the dynamic opportunities found in China’s development wake. With much of China’s…

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Human Resources for Health Challenges in Fragile States: Evidence from Sierra Leone, South Sudan and Zimbabwe

This background report collects and analyzes data on human resources for health in three conflict-affected fragile states, Sierra Leone, South Sudan and Zimbabwe, and analyses them in a regional perspective. It identifies key training, capacity, and policy issues for improving health service delivery in these countries and makes suggestions for how policy could be improved….

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How to Prevent the Next Crisis

This eBook brings together lessons from a range of emerging and advanced economy experiences of the crisis from a policy perspective. What factors explain Australia’s relative resilience to the crisis? How did Ireland go from a good example to a major warning in a few years? How are emerging economies like India and Malaysia faring,…

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Holdinge xtractives pub

Holding Extractive Companies to Account in Colombia: An evaluation of CSR instruments through the lens of Indigenous and Afro-Descendent Right

This study (available in English and Spanish) assesses Corporate Social Responsibility tools that companies and foreign governments are promoting to ensure good corporate behaviour in Colombia, to determine to what extent these instruments respect human rights – and ethnic rights in particular – in theory and in practice. It provides grounded recommendations to strengthen the…

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Making Security Sector Reform Work Pub

Making Security Sector Reform Work for Local Populations

Security sector reform has been criticized for excluding local populations and context. This policy brief, a part of NSI’s mySecurity project, identifies four areas where greater attention to the local is needed: local ownership, investing over the medium- to long-term, coordination among key stakeholders, and better understandings of what it means to be secure. Emphasizing…

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Police Reform Policy Brief Pub Cover

Police Reform in an Independent South Sudan

As South Sudan consolidates its  independence, this policy brief analyzes the challenges facing the South Sudan Police Service’s ongoing reform efforts. In particular, it highlights the challenges the SSPS faces to professionalize through education and training, address human rights abuses, increase its human and financial resources, and better incorporate a gender-sensitive approach to its structures…

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Sweetening the Deal Policy Brief Pub Cover

Sweetening the Deal: Adding Value to the New Deal for Fragile States through CSO Engagement

This policy brief outlines the ways that civil society organizations are currently involved in the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding and the value that they could add to making the New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States a success. Author: Jennifer Erin Salahub Download PDF

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Colombia synthesis pub

Colombia Synthesis Document: From Consultation to Consent

This document provides an overview of the context, key activities and results of a 30-month collaborative project between The North-South Institute (Canada), Proceso de Comunidades Negras (a national Colombian organization), and the Resguardo Indígena Cañamomo Lomaprieta (an Indigenous Reserve comprising 32 Embera Chamí communities in Caldas, Colombia) on ethnic rights and extractives in Colombia. Author:…

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Supporting poverty asia pub

Supporting Poverty Reduction in Asia 2012–2020: Opportunities and Challenges in CIDA’s Countries of Focus

This policy brief, which is based on North-South Institute research recently commissioned by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, reviews the main trends forecast for Asia to 2020. Particular emphasis is placed on the outlook for sustainable development in the countries of focus of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) in the region: Afghanistan,…

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Supporting women economy pub

Supporting Trade and Gender Equality: Operationalizing the Women’s Economic Empowerment Agenda

Recent high-level commitment to tackling gender inequality and supporting women’s economic empowerment should be celebrated. But real change happens when these commitments are translated into on-the-ground initiatives that empower women to engage with and benefit from economic opportunities. Trade facilitation, infrastructure and logistics initiatives provide an entry point for operationalizing the women’s economic empowerment agenda….

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Rio+20: What might it mean for international development?

World leaders will gather in Rio de Janeiro on 20–22 June 2012 for the United Nations (UN) Conference on Sustainable Development, better known as Rio+20. The conference will mark the 20th anniversary of the historic first Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The 1992 summit was attended by over 100 heads of state,…

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How Vulnerable and Marginalized People Define Safety and How Donors Can Help: The case of Burundi

This report documents how certain representatives of vulnerable groups in Burundi define their personal security and how that relates to the definitions employed by Burundi’s key development partners. It suggests that their definitions are shared for the most part but that further effort is needed to create greater livelihood security and include civil society representatives…

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Vulnerable Groups and Security in Timor-Leste: An Overview

This report reviews the security situation of vulnerable populations in Timor-Leste, focusing on women, children, the disabled and the displaced. It identifies and assesses the success of support programs, with particular focus on policing and the Vulnerable Persons Unit. The report argues for greater inclusion of civil society representatives in security decision-making and for further…

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Consultation and Free, Prior and Informed Consent

This guidebook (available in Spanish only) provides an overview of ethnic rights to free prior and informed consultation and consent within the Colombian context. The first part outlines the rights enshrined in domestic and international law, including ethnic concepts and definitions. The second part provides guidance for Indigenous and Afro-Descendent communities towards implementing these rights…

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Establishing a Legitimate Development Co-operation Architecture in the Post-Busan Era

This working paper examines the proposed changes to the post-Busan governance structure and provides an analytical framework to assess the merits and challenges for establishing a legitimate governance mechanism for the development cooperation architecture. We argue that the success of Busan in establishing a Global Partnership and making it truly global will depend on the…

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Aid and Taxation: Is Sub-Saharan Africa Different?

Since the Monterrey Consensus in 2002, there has been increasing emphasis on domestic resource mobilization (DRM) to meet the MDGs. Nowhere are the challenges to DRM more pronounced than in sub-Saharan Africa, with its low savings rates, high dependence on foreign aid and weak capacity to mobilize domestic resources. In fact, aid receipts are higher…

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Rights-Based Approaches to Development: Implications for NGOs

The rights-based approach to development has swept through the global development assistance sector during the last fifteen years. As a result, bilateral development donors, international organizations, and development-oriented nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are increasingly committed, in theory, to implementing human rights. This commitment has dramatically accelerated the discursive and organizational merger of the global human rights and development policy communities. What impact—if…

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Gender Dimensions of Trade Facilitations and Logistics

The World Bank’s International Trade Department and the Gender and Development Unit in the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management network are collaborating to produce guidance notes in order to help people working in the field identify and assess the gender dimensions of trade projects. These resources will be of particular interest to practitioners working on…

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Freedom through Association: Assessing the Contribution of Female Police Staff Associations to Gender-Sensitive Police Reform in West Africa

Do women’s police associations in fragile situations help or hinder the police reform process? NSI’s gender and police reform work examines how integrating women into reform processes can make security institutions more representative, more democratic and more effective. Earlier NSI research on women and policing suggests that female police staff associations have the potential to be important agents…

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Freedom through Association: Realizing the Potential of West Africa’s Female Police Staff Associations

Summarizing the findings of NSI’s report, Freedom through Association: Assessing the Contribution of Female Police Staff Associations to Gender-Sensitive Police Reform in West Africa, this policy brief identifies the ways that female police staff associations in Anglophone West Africa can improve the situation of women in police services by empowering them and helping them become…

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Educating for peace pub cover

Educating for Peace in South Sudan

This policy brief explores challenges to building a peaceful society in South Sudan through education. It examines existing efforts, identifies opportunities and makes recommendations for how to improve peace, civic and citizenship education in South Sudan. Author: Jenny Becker Download PDF

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Health Systems Pub Cover

Improving Health Systems with the South Sudanese Diaspora: An Alternative Model for International Development?

This policy brief explores how  the South Sudanese diaspora  could be mobilized to support strengthening health care  delivery in South Sudan. It outlines opportunities, identifies challenges, and makes recommendations for how to benefit from engaging with the diaspora. Author: Barbara MacLaren Download PDF

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Caught in pub

Caught in the Crossfire: Indigenous Peoples, Black Communities and Extractives in Colombia

This policy brief synthesizes the policy directions and recommendations emerging from a 30-month collaborative project between The North-South Institute (Canada), Proceso de Comunidades Negras (a national Colombian organization), and the Resguardo Indígena Cañamomo Lomaprieta (an Indigenous Reserve comprising 32 Embera Chamí communities in Caldas, Colombia). The participatory action research project was entitled “Towards the Development…

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China’s Move Up the Value Chain: Implications for Canada

This paper is structured to provide the broad contours of a more deliberate strategy by Canada to economically engage with China. To this end, the paper provides an overview of trends on bilateral Canada-China trade and investment relations, followed by a discussion that locates the relative positions of Canadian and Chinese firms in global supply…

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Big Data, Democratized Analytics and Deep Context will Change How We Think and Do Development

International development as a field of research and practice has been a laggard in using big data and powerful analytics. Much of the data is of poor quality, and there are huge gaps in the information base we rely on. This situation is changing faster than anyone predicted, and the set of tools driving this…

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Mining and Communities: Conflict Transformation in Favor of the Rights of Indigenous and Black Communities

This guidebook (available in Spanish only) reviews some of the main conflicts facing communities in Colombia with regards to mining, and offers guidance in how to transform these conflicts towards outcomes more aligned with ethnic rights. Authors: Jose de Echave (CooperAcción, Peru), Gladys Jimeno, Plutarco Sandoval, Federico Herrera, with guidance from Viviane Weitzner Download PDF

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Investigating Participatory Action: preliminary ideas towards the construction of a joint methodology

This guidebook (available in Spanish only) describes the participatory action research process undertaken for the collaborative project between The North-South Institute, Resguardo Indígena Cañamomo Lomaprieta and Proceso de Comunidades Negras, drawing out lessons learned, strategies and tools for other communities considering undertaking this type of project. Authors: Federico Herrera, Gladys Jimeno and Plutarco Sandoval, with…

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