The North-South Institute

Français

Publications

Pub Cover

Economic Relations Between Canada and Latin America and the Caribbean

This report provides an overview of Canada’s trade, investment and aid relations with Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries. Canada’s foreign policy towards the region has focussed on the establishment and improvement of trade relationships, increased opportunities for Canadian investment and the provision of more aid. While the report focusses on Canada – LAC relations,…

Read more

Pub Cover

Open Data, Transparency and International Development

On October 28, 2013, the North South Institute (NSI) hosted the Ottawa event of Global Transparency Week (GTW). This was one of 18 high-profile events taking place across the globe focused on open data, transparency, accountability and good governance. The discussion was led by NSI’s Senior Researcher Aniket Bhushan, and the panelists included: Shreya Basu,…

Read more

Pub Cover

The United Nations and the Private Sector: Working Together for Development

This policy brief outlines the ways in which the United Nations is engaging the private sector for development and provides policy recommendations to improve the current approach. It is based on research conducted for a longer NSI report by José Di Bella, Alicia Grant, Shannon Kindornay and Stephanie Tissot, Mapping Private Sector Engagements in Development Cooperation…

Read more

Pub Cover

Africa’s Health Challenges: Sovereignty, Mobility of People and Healthcare Governance

This Ashgate published volume addresses the ideational and policy-oriented challenges of Africa’s health governance due to voluntary and involuntary cross-border migration of people and diseases in a growing ‘mobile Africa’. The collected set of specialized contributions in this volume examines how national and regional policy innovation can address the competing conception of sovereignty in dealing…

Read more

Pub Cover

African Legislative Effectiveness

Since the turn of the century, many more countries in sub-Saharan Africa have behaved as democracies and their legislatures and legislators have consequently become more relevant to any careful analyses of African politics. Legislatures have begun to make a difference. This new NSI Research Report investigates how effective legislatures have become. Authors: Robert I. Rotberg…

Read more

Pub Cover

Canada’s Free Trade Agreements with Peru and Colombia and Gender-Related Dimensions

This policy brief explores the opportunities and concessions granted by Canada’s free trade agreements with Peru and Colombia and how these new opportunities can generate positive impacts on gender equity. Author: Pablo Heidrich Download PDF

Read more

Pub Cover

Tax Regimes on Mining in Latin America

This policy brief examines the different types of taxes applied to large scale mining in Latin America, the region where Canadian firms are most active around the world, and elaborates on their positive and negative effects on host-countries, their governments and foreign investors. Author: Pablo Heidrich Download PDF  

Read more

Pub Cover

How to Integrate Gender Perspectives into Export Promotion and International Trade Policies

The key objectives of this policy brief are to offer viable public policy initiatives that promote women’s participation as workers, managers, and entrepreneurs in new trade opportunities generated by Canadian FTAs with Colombia and Peru. And to create analytical tools to monitor present and future gender-related impacts of these bilateral trade relations by sector and…

Read more

Pub Cover

Financing the Post-2015 Development Agenda: Domestic Revenue Mobilization in Africa

Attention is starting to turn to how the ambitious post-2015 agenda will be financed. High expectations are being set for the role that domestic resource mobilization can play in financing the post-2015 development goals. This new NSI Report analyzes recent domestic resource mobilization performance in Africa and estimates a tax effort index for sub-Saharan African…

Read more

Pub Cover

How to Engage the Private Sector for Development

This policy brief is part of on-going research at The North-South Institute – Investing in the Business of Development – that looks at the increasing role of the private sector in development. The brief presents findings from a longer report, Mapping Private Sector Engagement in Development Cooperation by the same authors. The report and the…

Read more

Pub Cover

Mapping Private Sector Engagements in Development Cooperation

This report presents findings from a mapping study on how different development cooperation actors, including multilateral development institutions, bilateral donors, development finance institutions, providers of South-South Development Cooperation (SSDC), foundations, non-governmental organizations and development think tanks, engage the private sector for development. The study clarifies key concepts relating to the private sector and development, identifies…

Read more

Pub Cover

The Private Sector and Development: Key Concepts

Based on a longer NSI report – Mapping Private Sector Engagements in Development – this policy brief provides an overview of key concepts relating to the role of the private sector in development. The brief seeks to provide greater clarity on key terms to help inform and improve policy debates and engagements amongst key stakeholders….

Read more

Pub Cover

Integrating Gender in Trade Policy in Peru and Colombia: A Study Tour

In 2012, The North-South Institute (NSI) began a capacity-building project to leverage the opportunities provided by Canada’s free trade agreements with Peru and Colombia with the goal of reducing gender inequality in those two countries. In order to address the multiplicity of policy variables available and to provide a gender perspective on trade policy, NSI…

Read more

Pub Cover

Establishing the Post-2015 Agenda: Process and Architecture

This policy brief outlines the processes underway for establishing the post-2015 framework and the architecture that looks set to frame it. It draws on a longer NSI Report by Kate Higgins, Reflecting on the MDGs and Making Sense of the Post-2015 Development Agenda. Author: Kate Higgins Download PDF  

Read more

Pub Cover

Post-2015 Agenda: New Priorities for a Changing Global Context

This policy brief examines how the global context has changed since the MDGs were conceived in 2000 and the implications of these changes for the priorities of the post-2015 agenda. It draws on a longer NSI Report by Kate Higgins, Reflecting on the MDGs and Making Sense of the Post-2015 Development Agenda. Author: Kate Higgins…

Read more

Pub Cover

The Power of Global Goals: Reflections on the MDGs

The policy brief provides the historical context for the MDGs, assesses progress made against the goals and identifies their strengths and limitations. It draws on a longer NSI Report by Kate Higgins, Reflecting on the MDGs and Making Sense of the Post-2015 Development Agenda. Author: Kate Higgins Download PDF  

Read more

Pub Cover

Development and the Private Sector: Canada’s Approach

This report provides an overview of the evolution of Canada’s approach to private sector development and private sector partnerships since 1995. It also analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of Canada’s approach to the private sector and development and provides a series of recommendations for improving its efforts. For a shorter read, try the report’s accompanying…

Read more

Pub Cover

Beyond Aid: Canada’s Development Framework

Based on a longer NSI report by Anni-Claudine Bülles and Shannon Kindornay – Beyond Aid: A Plan for Canada’s International Cooperation – this policy brief examines Canada’s approach to policy coherence for development. It makes the case that the current framework guiding foreign aid efforts – namely improving aid effectiveness and accountability – is insufficient…

Read more

Pub Cover

The Post-2015 Development Agenda: Reflections from the High-level Panel Secretariat

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have been a central reference point for aid and international cooperation since their inception in 2000. As their 2015 end date approaches, the world is asking, what comes next? To help answer this question, in 2012 the Secretary-General of the United Nations appointed a High-level Panel of Eminent Persons on…

Read more

Capture

Multilateral Development Cooperation in a Changing Global Order

Given the current environment, there is a compelling need to undergo a broad-ranging analysis on the future of multilateral development cooperation. The time has come to critically examine the effectiveness of international development assistance channelled through multilateral organizations, emphasizing what works and what needs to change in the context of an evolving global order. This…

Read more

Pub Cover

South-South Policy Spaces and Tools

This policy brief identifies distinct Sino-African interactions relating to direct and indirect policy spaces and tools that could be harnessed to reinvigorate African industrial development. This South-South brief is the third in a series of three that examine the burgeoning economic relationships between BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) and African countries and their developmental…

Read more

Pub Cover

Is China Blocking Africa’s Economic Development?

This policy brief discusses the impact of Sino-African interactions on the degree of policy autonomy of African countries by examining two policy areas: labour standards and industrial development. This South-South brief is the second in a series of three that examine the burgeoning economic relationships between BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) and African countries…

Read more

Pub Cover

South-South Trade, Investment, and Aid Flows

This policy brief provides an overview of South-South trade, investment, and aid flows between BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) countries and countries of the African continent. This South-South brief is the first in a series of three that examine the burgeoning economic relationships between BRIC and African countries and their developmental implications. Author: Daniel…

Read more

Pub Cover

Beyond Aid: Trade, Investment, and Remittances between Canada and Developing Countries

This report provides a sense of Canada’s development footprint beyond aid. It does this by drawing on data from The North South-Institute’s  Canadian International Development Platform (CIDP) which comprises the most recent data on aid, trade, investment, and migrant remittance flows between Canada and developing countries. The report contributes to ongoing debates on the role…

Read more

Pub Cover

Aid and the Private Sector: A Comparison of Traditional and Latin American Donor Approaches

This policy brief examines the role of the private sector in grant-based elements of South-South Development Cooperation (SSDC) in Latin America. It compares SSDC providers with traditional providers of official development assistance. It finds that providers of SSDC in Latin America have yet to embrace the private sector as a key partner in development. Author:…

Read more

Pub Cover

Addressing the Economic Costs of Sustainable Energy in the Global South

This background paper, written by Hany Besada (NSI), Yvette Stevens (UN) and Michael Olender, discusses the economic costs of sustainable energy. It was submitted to the High Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda and served as one of the many background papers that helped inform the High Level Panel’s final report.

Read more

Pub Cover

Development and Sustainability in a Warming World: Measuring the Impacts of Climate Change

This background paper, written by Hany Besada (NSI), Fatima Denton (UNECA) and Benjamin O’Bright (LSE), discusses development and sustainability in a warming world. It was submitted to the High Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda and served as one of the many background papers that helped inform the High Level Panel’s final report.

Read more

Pub Cover

Doing Business in Fragile States: The Private Sector, Natural Resources and Conflict in Africa

This background paper, written by Hany Besada (NSI) discusses doing business in fragile states. It was submitted to the High Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda and served as one of the many background papers that helped inform the High Level Panel’s final report.

Read more

Pub Cover

Regulating Extraction in the Global South: Towards a Framework for Accountability

This background paper, written by Franklyn Lisk of the University of Warwick, NSI’s Hany Besada and Philip Martin of  Norwegian People’s Aid, delves into regulating extraction in the global south. It was submitted to the High Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda and served as one of the many background papers that helped inform the…

Read more

Pub Cover

Reflecting on the MDGs and Making Sense of the Post-2015 Development Agenda

In the year 2000, world leaders adopted the Millennium Declaration. A commitment to a peaceful, prosperous, and just world, the declaration included a set of targets for development and poverty reduction to be reached by 2015. These came to be known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Over the past decade, the MDGs have become…

Read more

Pub Cover

Beyond Aid: A Plan for Canada’s International Cooperation

This research report looks at Canada’s engagement with the developing world, both in terms of its aid policies and programs, and broader policy coherence for development (PCD). A broader vision that includes aid and non-aid policies is needed for Canada to achieve better PCD and be an effective international development actor. Authors: Anni-Claudine Bülles and Shannon…

Read more

IDCW Pub Cover

International Development in a Changing World: Canadian and Global Perspectives on Growth, Aid and Global Governance

There is no doubt that we are witnessing a shift in the economic, political, and environmental forces that shape the world as we know it. While the dynamics of this global transformation are well-documented, less explored is what these changes mean for how we conceive, coordinate, and implement international development. Featuring perspectives from a range…

Read more

Pub Cover

Foreign Aid and Crises: Examining 2012 Aid Data

This policy brief examines how multiple crises are changing the landscape of aid and international development. It also compares Canada with other aid donors and reflects on changes in Canadian aid. Author: Aniket Bhushan Download PDF

Read more

Pub Cover

Canada and the Pacific Alliance

This publication provides essential background information and analysis on what is at stake for Canada in its participation, either as observer or full member, to the Pacific Alliance. This new regional grouping from Latin America is rapidly establishing a trade liberalization agenda that goes much deeper and faster than previous initiatives to facilitate the flows…

Read more

Pub Cover

Gender and Urban (In)Security in Fragile States

This policy brief suggests ways for integrating gender more meaningfully in urban security governance in fragile states. It analyzes evidence from non-fragile developing countries to draw conclusions and policy recommendations for fragile states and their development partners. Absent rigorous research on the topic, the report it examines gendered violence and gendered livelihood insecurity to identify…

Read more

SApub cover

The Land Crisis in Southern Africa: Challenges on Good Governance

The international land grab for food and financial security has come to the fore of public and international attention.  It has been estimated that these deals, located mainly in Africa, totalled 20 to 30 billion dollars between 2006-09 and were made by foreign investors from China, South Korea, India and the Gulf States.  Land deals…

Read more

Pub Cover

The Labour Impact of Canadian Mining in Latin America

Labour impacts from large-scale mining investments are reviewed here using a database made up of 66 Canadian owned project in Latin America. The findings show that most jobs are highly paid and done by nationals or local workers. Working conditions are however harsh and very demanding. Claims of training and hiring local labour as part…

Read more

Pub Cover

Mining Codes in Africa: Emergence of a “Fourth” Generation?

A growing interest among academics, policy-makers and civil society groups has developed concerning Africa’s mineral extraction sector – particularly its mining codes – which are now at the centre of a wider policy debate over natural resource governance and economic development on the continent. This article reviews the evolution of Africa’s regulatory codes in the…

Read more

Pub Cover

Dodd-Frank 1504 and Extractive Sector Governance in Africa

The United States Dodd-Frank Act (2010) is an ambitious legislative reform to enhance transparency and accountability in the U.S. financial system. Section 1504 of the Act introduces mandatory disclosure requirements for extractive companies. This Policy Brief, an output of the NSI’s Transnational Governance of Natural Resources (TGNR) project, examines the implications of Dodd-Frank 1504 for…

Read more

Pub Cover

Oil Revenue, Institutions and Macroeconomic Indicators in Nigeria

The influx of massive revenues during periods of abnormally high oil prices creates enormous challenges for policy-makers in oil-producing countries. In Nigeria, the prudent utilisation of oil revenues has remained elusive for policy-makers over time. While the country has earned sizeable oil revenues from its natural endowment, poverty and income inequality have been persistent. This…

Read more

Pub Cover

Making Cities Safer: Gender, Urban Insecurity, and Police Reform in Fragile States

This report summarizes a roundtable discussion exploring the linkages and dynamics among gender, urban insecurity, and state fragility. It documents the insights shared by a wide range of policy-makers, researchers, and practitioners at the event and their responses to three questions: What does it mean to be (in)secure in a city? Where and how do…

Read more

Pub Cover

South Africa in the BRICS : Opportunities, Challenges and Prospects

This paper, published in Africa Insight by the Africa Institute of International Affairs (AISA), investigates the participation of South Africa in the BRICS group from an analytical perspective. It is argued that South Africa’s membership to this group entails both opportunities and challenges for South Africa, the continent and the system of global governance. The paper…

Read more

Pub Cover

Political Decentralization and Natural Resource Governance in Nigeria

Nigeria has been described as a typical example of the so-called ‘resource curse’ – as a country rich in natural resources but struggling with poverty and weak institutions. The system of federalism in Nigeria has also thrown up an intriguing paradox of political decentralization with low subnational transparency; while states have fiscal autonomy, and states’…

Read more

Pub Cover

Subnational Management of Natural Resource Revenues in Nigeria

Sound management of natural resource revenues in resource-rich federal countries requires joint action by central and local governments. This policy brief examines oil revenue management practices by subnational governments in Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta. The report identifies several issues in the management of oil revenues and state budgets, and sets out appropriate policy interventions. Author:…

Read more

Pub Cover

Gender and Urban (In)Security in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States

Rapid urbanization is creating development challenges and opportunities in fragile and conflict-affected states, particularly in relation to security. The gendered aspects of urban security are important, but often overlooked. This paper analyzes security understandings and local needs from a gender-sensitive perspective and explores what security means for urban populations. It provides policy options for engaging…

Read more

Pub Cover

Gender and Free Trade Agreements: Best Practices and Policy Guidance

This report identifies best practices and provides policy guidance on how public policy can promote the participation of women entrepreneurs, women producers and women-led export firms in accessing market opportunities through trade agreements.  Specifically, the report: provides a brief overview of the evidence on gender and trade liberalization; identifies  key obstacles  that reduce the participation of…

Read more

Pub Cover

Free Trade Agreements in Peru and Colombia: Monitoring Impacts from a Gender Perspective

This report discusses the importance of monitoring the actual and potential impacts of free trade agreements from a gender perspective at the regional and bilateral levels. The preport presents a number of approaches for policy analysts, researchers, private and civil society actors interested in undertaking gender impact assessments of international trade in Peru, Colombia and Canada. …

Read more

Pub Cover

Trade-Related Private Sector Partnerships: Understanding the Models

This policy brief identifies five models of trade-related private sector partnerships for development and examines the roles that different partners play across these models. It includes recommendations on the amenability of each of the models to replication and scaling up. By: Shannon Kindornay Download PDF

Read more

Pub Cover

The Importance of Place and Space: The Spatial Dimensions of Poverty and Development Policy

This chapter on The Importance of Place and Space: The Dimensions of Poverty and Development Policy, was featured in Poverty Reduction in a Changing Climate, edited by Hari Bansha Dulal. You can view the publication here. Author: Kate Bird (ODI)  and Kate Higgins (NSI)

Read more

Pub Cover

Do Legislatures Matter? Strengthening Governance in Africa

This report summarizes a roundtable discussion exploring the question, “do legislatures matter?” It shares insights from the wide range of participants at the event and their responses to three questions: 1. What do African legislatures do? 2. Do legislatures in Africa act as checks on executive power? 3. How should we measure legislative effectiveness?  …

Read more

Pub Cover

Models for Trade-Related Private Sector Partnerships for Development

This report aims to better understand how partnerships with the private sector can be used to support and improve sustainable economic growth outcomes through trade. By: Shannon Kindornay and Kate Higgins with Michael Olender Download PDF

Read more

Business of Development Pub Cover

Investing in the Business of Development

The international development community is increasingly looking to the private sector as key partner for achieving sustainable development results. Despite this trend, donor policies for engaging the private sector have received very little comparative analysis. The North-South Institute, in collaboration with the Canadian Council for International Co-operation (CCIC), has released a new report which identifies…

Read more