The North-South Institute

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Publications

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The Labour Impact of Canadian Mining in Latin America

Labour impacts from large-scale mining investments are reviewed here using a database made up of 66 Canadian owned project in Latin America. The findings show that most jobs are highly paid and done by nationals or local workers. Working conditions are however harsh and very demanding. Claims of training and hiring local labour as part…

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Mining Codes in Africa: Emergence of a “Fourth” Generation?

A growing interest among academics, policy-makers and civil society groups has developed concerning Africa’s mineral extraction sector – particularly its mining codes – which are now at the centre of a wider policy debate over natural resource governance and economic development on the continent. This article reviews the evolution of Africa’s regulatory codes in the…

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Dodd-Frank 1504 and Extractive Sector Governance in Africa

The United States Dodd-Frank Act (2010) is an ambitious legislative reform to enhance transparency and accountability in the U.S. financial system. Section 1504 of the Act introduces mandatory disclosure requirements for extractive companies. This Policy Brief, an output of the NSI’s Transnational Governance of Natural Resources (TGNR) project, examines the implications of Dodd-Frank 1504 for…

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Oil Revenue, Institutions and Macroeconomic Indicators in Nigeria

The influx of massive revenues during periods of abnormally high oil prices creates enormous challenges for policy-makers in oil-producing countries. In Nigeria, the prudent utilisation of oil revenues has remained elusive for policy-makers over time. While the country has earned sizeable oil revenues from its natural endowment, poverty and income inequality have been persistent. This…

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Making Cities Safer: Gender, Urban Insecurity, and Police Reform in Fragile States

This report summarizes a roundtable discussion exploring the linkages and dynamics among gender, urban insecurity, and state fragility. It documents the insights shared by a wide range of policy-makers, researchers, and practitioners at the event and their responses to three questions: What does it mean to be (in)secure in a city? Where and how do…

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South Africa in the BRICS : Opportunities, Challenges and Prospects

This paper, published in Africa Insight by the Africa Institute of International Affairs (AISA), investigates the participation of South Africa in the BRICS group from an analytical perspective. It is argued that South Africa’s membership to this group entails both opportunities and challenges for South Africa, the continent and the system of global governance. The paper…

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Political Decentralization and Natural Resource Governance in Nigeria

Nigeria has been described as a typical example of the so-called ‘resource curse’ – as a country rich in natural resources but struggling with poverty and weak institutions. The system of federalism in Nigeria has also thrown up an intriguing paradox of political decentralization with low subnational transparency; while states have fiscal autonomy, and states’…

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Subnational Management of Natural Resource Revenues in Nigeria

Sound management of natural resource revenues in resource-rich federal countries requires joint action by central and local governments. This policy brief examines oil revenue management practices by subnational governments in Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta. The report identifies several issues in the management of oil revenues and state budgets, and sets out appropriate policy interventions. Author:…

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Gender and Urban (In)Security in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States

Rapid urbanization is creating development challenges and opportunities in fragile and conflict-affected states, particularly in relation to security. The gendered aspects of urban security are important, but often overlooked. This paper analyzes security understandings and local needs from a gender-sensitive perspective and explores what security means for urban populations. It provides policy options for engaging…

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Gender and Free Trade Agreements: Best Practices and Policy Guidance

This report identifies best practices and provides policy guidance on how public policy can promote the participation of women entrepreneurs, women producers and women-led export firms in accessing market opportunities through trade agreements.  Specifically, the report: provides a brief overview of the evidence on gender and trade liberalization; identifies  key obstacles  that reduce the participation of…

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