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The Canadian and United States Migrant Agricultural Workers Programs: North American Seasonal Migrant Agricultural Labour Markets

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The Canadian and United States Migrant Agricultural Workers Programs: North American Seasonal Migrant Agricultural Labour Markets

Published: November 14, 2002

The Canadian Migrant Agricultural Workers Program (CMAWP) and the US H-2A Program were established and designed for identical reasons: to supply temporary foreign agricultural workers from the Caribbean and Mexico to agricultural producers in Canada and the United States during times when domestic labour could not or would not reliably work in agriculture.  From identical foundations they have grown to resemble one another in many ways and for many of the same reasons.  Yet parallels and differences between the two programs do exist. This report compares and contrasts the Canadian and US programs with the related goals of:

1) Describing best practices that have proven to be beneficial to employers, workers, and interested other stakeholders involved in the programs, such as sending country and receiving country government officials, host community members, or growers associations

2) Describing aspects of the two programs that have not met the criteria of  best practice and

3) Recommending ways in which the programs could be improved to rise to the level of best practices

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