The North-South Institute

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Security Sector Reform in Burundi, Haiti and South Sudan

It is essential in countries emerging from conflict that the army, the police and all other security institutions be overseen by civilian authorities, and that they respect citizens’ rights. These needs are well recognized by international aid donors and by the governments that provide assistance to countries emerging from conflict.

However, research is limited in developing nations on how security sector reform might best be designed, implemented and linked to broader peacebuilding and the perspectives of vulnerable groups like women, children and the poor are rarely taken into consideration. Working with the Centre d’Alerte et de Prévention des Conflits (CENAP)  as well as other partners on the ground and internationally, NSI studied how to make security institutions more accountable and more respecting of human rights.

Publications

Journal Article: Police Reform and Democratic Development in Lower-profile Fragile States, by Stephen Baranyi and Jennifer Erin Salahub, published in the Canadian Journal of Development Studies, Volume 32 (1), 2011.

Journal Article: The Reform of the National Police and the Construction of Democracy in Haiti (in French only), by Isabelle Fortin and Yves-François Pierre , published in the Canadian Journal of Development Studies, Volume 32 (1), 2011.

Journal Article: The National Police, the Enforcement of Democracy and the Consolidation of Peace in Burundi (in French only), by Willy Nindorera, published in the Canadian Journal of Development Studies, Volume 32 (1), 2011.

Journal Article: Police Reform and State Formation in Southern Sudan, by Abraham Sewonet Abtneh and Simon Monoja Lubang, published in the Canadian Journal of Development Studies, Volume 32 (1), 2011.

Roundtable report: From the Ground-Up: Governance and Security Sector Reform in Policy and Practice, by Krista Nerland, December 2009.

Southern Sudan:

Background paper: The Future of Canada’s Engagement in Sudan, by David Gillies and Krista Nerland, November 2009.

Policy Brief: Police Reform in Southern Sudan – Measuring the Public’s Sense of Security, October 2009.

Policy Brief: Police Reform in Southern Sudan, by Alfred Sebit Lokuji, Abraham Sewonet Abatneh and Chaplain Kenyi Wani, October 2009.

Burundi:

Report: Principal Challenges of the National Police for Better Public Security and Strengthened Democracy (in French only), by Willy Nindorera, 2009.

Policy Brief: Security Sector Reform and the Protection of Civilians in Burundi (in French only), October 2007.

Report: Security Sector Reform and the Protection of Civilians in Burundi: Accomplishments, Dilemmas and Ideas for International Engagement, by Kristiana Powell, July 2007.

Report: Security Sector Reform in Burundi: Issues and Challenges for Improving Civilian Protection, by Willy Nindorera, July 2007.

Haiti:

Executive Summary: Haiti and the Reform of the Haitian National Police  by Isabelle Fortin and Yves-François Pierre, December 2008.

Report: Haïti and the Reform of the Hatian National Police (in French only), by Isabelle Fortin and Yves-Francois Pierre, December 2008.